Welcome to Everyday Kanji! In this series, we’re going to present pictures of kanji seen in various places in Japan taken by the team members at JapanesePod101.com. That’s right - kanji seen and used everyday!
The theme for this week is kanji found in a Japanese-language operating system of a computer. Let’s take a look!
When you’re ready to shut down your computer for the day, this is the button you press to see the different options. We have one word in kanji, 終了 (shūryō), and one word in katakana, オプション. 終了 means “end” or “completion”, and オプション means “options”. So literally this means “completion options”, or “shut down options”. In an English-language OS, this button says “Log Off Computer”.
終了 (shūryō) = end, completion
● 終 (shū) = end, finish
●了 (ryō) = complete
Watashi wa, kyonen nihongo kōsu o shūryō shimashita.
I finished a Japanese course last year.
電源を切る (dengen o kiru) = turn off power/ shut down
This phrase refers to turning off the power of any kind of electronic device. 電源 (dengen) refers to electrical power, and 切る (kiru) means to turn off. On my electronic devices, the power button will have the kanji for 電源 next to it.
電源 (dengen) = (electrical) power
● 電 (den) = electricity
● 源 (gen) = source
切る (kiru) = to turn off, to cut
● 切 (kiru)) = cut
Pasokon o tsukatta ato wa kanarazu dengen o kitte kudasai.
After using the computer, be sure to shut it down.
再起動 (saikidō) = restart, reboot
Click the button that says 再起動 to restart the computer. This is made up of two parts: the kanji 再 (sai), meaning again, and the word 起動 (kidō), meaning “start up”. Together, these mean “to restart”. To say that the computer restarted, you say (パソコンが) 起動する. If you want to say that some restarted the computer, you would change the verb to the causative させる to create (パソコンを)起動させる, meaning “(I) restart the computer”.
● 再 (sai) = again
起動 (kidō) = startup
●起 (ki) = rouse, wake up
●動 (dō) = move
Pasokon ga furīzu shichatta node saikidō sasenakereba narimasen.
My computer froze, so I have to restart it.
検索 (kensaku) = Search
The word 検索 (kensaku) is used to refer to a search done online through a search engine or a search on one’s computer.
検索 (kensaku) = look up, retrieve
●検 (ken) = examination
●索 (saku) = cord
Gūguru wa nan demo kensaku shite sagasu koto ga dekiru.
With Google you can look up and find anything.
最近使ったファイル (saikin tsukatta fairu) = Recently Used Files/Documents
This is where you’ll find a list of the files that you have most recently used. This phrase can be split up into three parts: 最近, meaning “recently”, 使った, meaning “used”, and ファイル, meaning “files”.
最近 (saikin) = recent
●最 (sai) = most, extreme
●近 (kin) = close, near
使った (tsukatta) = used
●使(う) (tsuka(u)) = to use
ファイル (fairu) = file(s)
Saikin, kinjo ni hen na hito o mimasu.
I often see strange people in my neighborhood lately.