Welcome to Kanji Curiosity | The Basics | Glossary
You may have heard that there’s a Japanese town called Obama. Well, it’s true! The town is in central Japan, on the island of Honshu, in Fukui Prefecture. To understand the origin of the name Obama, you need to know more about the two characters that form that word:
小浜 (Obama) small + beach
As it turns out, Obama is “small beach,” making it one of those wonderful Japanese place names that derive entirely from nature. (We have a bunch of those in English, too, but somehow Pleasant Hill and Pine Valley seem horribly suburban and bland by comparison.)
With 小浜, you pronounce the first kanji simply as o. Normally, the second isn’t bama but rather hama. However, because of voicing, its pronunciation changes to bama when you place these two kanji together. The same hama appears in Yokohama (with its h sound intact):
横浜 (Yokohama) side + beach
We see 浜 pop up in a few other words:
浜風 (hamakaze: beach breeze) beach + wind
This word sounds a little like kamikaze, and in fact they have 風 in common:
神風 (kamikaze) divine + wind
This is a rare word, but I like it, because hamazura makes me think of an azure hamlet.
The 浜 kanji also shows up in these words:
浜焼き (hamayaki: (sea bream) broiled whole (at the beach))
beach + to broil
The yaki at the end of hamayaki is the same yaki you know from teriyaki (照り焼き: to shine + to broil). The word 浜焼き has one of those wonderfully specific definitions that permeate Japanese! I suppose sea bream broiled whole at the beach is kind of like bhaji on the beach, only … not quite! Remember to keep that fish whole, or we’ll need to find a different compound.
浜辺 (hamabe: seashore) beach + alongside a body of water
This word sounds like “Hama Bay,” so it’s appropriate that 浜辺 means “seashore”!
砂浜 (sunahama: sand beach) sand + beach
This compound includes the very cool character 砂 (sand), which breaks down as stone (石) + a little (少). A grain of sand is a little bit of stone!
OK, you’ve lingered long enough at the beach. Time for your Verbal Logic Quiz!